LEVITZACKS, Certified Public Accountants
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Important Accounting Changes on the Horizon that May Impact Your Business...

Click here to read how this change may impact your organization.

Click here to download a summary of the AICPA's Working Group's current issues and their status.

The enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in late 2017 (TCJA) was a game changer.  We are well-versed in what the rules of the TCJA purport to be, but there is still much uncertainty in some of the implementation details.  Guidance from the IRS continues to trickle in and with each installment of pronouncements more planning opportunities become apparent, even as consensus among tax advisors about the “real rules” of the game become more established.  The year-end tax planning guides can provide a general overview of major areas to consider as tailored to Individuals, Investors, and Businesses.  Because we stay focused on continuing developments, including potential legislative changes and IRS pronouncements, we encourage you to both check our website at lz-cpa.com/newsletter.html and contact us about any special areas of your concern.

As a result of the TCJA, payroll withholding tables were revised earlier this year.  In some situations, it may be prudent to revisit your claimed withholding exemptions and our year-end projections can assist in that effort.  In addition, there are enhanced deferral techniques, state tax minimization strategies, novel estate planning techniques that combine estate tax minimization with major income tax savings for future generations, and other great ideas we look forward to sharing as they may apply to your unique situations that we encounter.  As thought leaders, we strive to anticipate the next moves of the game in these and several other areas.

In the meantime, we hope you find this year’s general tax planning brochure beneficial, if nothing more than to spark interest in seeking clarification about how the new and existing rules are applied to you.  We look forward to continuing to provide quality tax preparation and exceptional consulting services.


Final regulations dealing with the 100 percent bonus depreciation allowance for qualified property acquired and placed in service after September 27, 2017, allow property which is constructed under a pre-September 28, 2017 binding contract to qualify for the 100 percent rate. The final regulations adopt proposed regulations ( REG-104397-18) with certain modifications, including a revised constructed property rule. In addition, the IRS has issued a new set of proposed regulations dealing with issues it is not ready to finalize.



The IRS has issued final regulations that amend the rules relating to hardship distributions from Code Sec. 401(k) plans. The final regulations are substantially similar to the proposed regulations. Further, plans that complied with the proposed regulations satisfy the final regulations as well. The regulations are effective on September 23, 2019.


For a taxpayer using an accrual method of accounting, the all events test is not met for item of gross income any later than when is included in revenue on an applicable financial statement (AFS) or other financial statement specified by the Treasury Secretary. How the AFS income inclusion rule applies to accrual method taxpayers with an AFS is described and clarified by Proposed Reg. §1.451-3.



Taxpayers may use the automatic consent procedures to change accounting methods to comply with the recent proposed regulations described above. Rev. Proc. 2018-31, I.R.B. 2018-22, 637, is modified.


Amendments to have been proposed to update the information reporting regulations under Code Sec. 6033, which generally apply to organizations exempt from tax under Code Sec. 501(a). The proposed regulations reflect statutory amendments and certain grants of reporting relief announced through guidance that has been made since the current regulations were adopted. The amendments and grants of relief apply particularly with respect to tax-exempt organizations required to file an annual Form 990, Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, or a Form 990-EZ information return.


The IRS has released the 2018 optional standard mileage rates to be used to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, medical, moving and charitable purposes. Beginning on January 1, 2018, the standard mileage rates for the use of a car, van, pickup of panel truck will be:

  • 54.5 cents per mile for business miles driven (up from 53.5 cents in 2017);
  • 18 cents per mile for medical and moving expenses (up from 17 cents in 2017); and
  • 14 cents per mile for miles driven for charitable purposes (permanently set by statute at 14 cents).

Comment. A taxpayer may not use the business standard mileage rate after using a depreciation method under Code Sec. 168 or after claiming the Code Sec. 179 deduction for that vehicle. A taxpayer may not use the business rate for more than four vehicles at a time. As a result, business owners have a choice for their vehicles: take the standard mileage rate, or “itemize” each part of the expense (gas, tolls, insurance, etc., and depreciation).


The start of a New Year presents a time to reflect on the past 12 months and, based on what has gone before, predict what may happen next. Here is a list of the top 10 developments from 2017 that may prove particularly important as we move forward into the New Year:


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